Functionally speaking they are just about the same. Sometimes themes will show them differently, sometimes not.
In this theme, Pages have the author byline and date removed (see Recommendations for an example of a Page).
Posts generally have the author, the date at the top. (see Understanding Mobile Responsive for an example of a Post).
Both can have comments turned on or off on an individual basis.
Technically both are called Post Types. There are actually 5 different kinds that come in a standard WordPress install.
- Post (Post Type: ‘post’)
- Page (Post Type: ‘page’)
- Attachment (Post Type: ‘attachment’)
- Revision (Post Type: ‘revision’)
- Navigation menu (Post Type: ‘nav_menu_item’)
Most readers will never see the Attachment or Revision type and the Nav Menu stuff obviously becomes a Menu Bar Item.
I like to suggest that Pages are for more permanent items of content while Posts are for more current or timely content.
BONUS: Is this FAQ a Page or a Post?
ANSWER: It’s a trick question. This FAQ is neither or both. It’s a “Custom Post Type” I created. This site has a Custom Post Type for FAQ, Clients, Testimonials, and Landing Pages (used for ad campaign squeeze pages). Some sites need additional post types to help separate content. (This is not beginner stuff.)
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